LNAT Test Practice

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Free LNAT test practice

Practice LNAT test 1 

Here is our LNAT PRACTICE TEST 1 free download

Practice LNAT test 1 answers 

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Practice LNAT test 2

Here is our LNAT PRACTICE TEST 2 free download

Practice LNAT test 2 answers 

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Practice LNAT test 3

Here is our LNAT PRACTICE TEST 3 free download

Practice LNAT test 3 answers 

REVIEW YOUR LNAT PRACTICE test 3 ANSWERS

LNAT Test Introduction

Critical reasoning is quite literally applying a critic’s eye (i.e. critical analysis) to verbal information. It encompasses the logical analysis of the following features of complex written arguments and viewpoints: assumptions; inferences; opinions; facts and interpretations.

The term “critical reasoning” might sound a bit intimidating, but it is a skill you can learn. With the right practice, most individuals can develop their skills sufficiently to pass this type of verbal reasoning critical reasoning test.

LNAT’s critical reasoning

Everyone uses these skills sometimes, but some job roles specifically require a high level of verbal critical reasoning. For example, many senior managerial and executive positions require you to assess evidence effectively and to communicate your position clearly.

Lawyers, in particular, need excellent critical reasoning skills. In fact, this is such an important prerequisite that a specific verbal critical reasoning critical reasoning test – the LNAT – is used for entry to the legal profession.

Barristers, for example, use critical reasoning to:

  • Remain objective and not to be prejudiced by their own opinions.
  • Analyze large amounts of verbal information to build a case for their client.
  • Identify the different ways legal doctrine can be interpreted.
  • Present their evidence in court and state their conclusion based on it.

A judge (or jury) will in turn use their critical reasoning skills to balance all the evidence for and against the accused and reach a verdict.

Journalists also need to have a high level of critical reasoning skills. When commenting on a current affairs debate, a journalist will typically present all sides of the argument. After careful thought, and backed up by evidence, they then commit their own analysis to the page.

Deduction v Inference

It’s not just the person writing a newspaper article who needs to use critical reasoning skills – the person reading the article needs to apply their own critical reasoning skills too. Discerning readers will assess whether the journalist is making an argument is based on facts or is putting forth a subjective opinion influenced by the newspaper’s bias towards a particular political party or against a certain group of people. An astute reader always asks: Does the writer’s overall conclusion follow on from the evidence and facts presented?

This question is an example of logical deduction or deductive reasoning – the linking of one or more statements, or premises, to make a logically sound conclusion. If the argument’s premises are true, then it is logically impossible for the conclusion reached to be false.

On the other hand, inductive reasoning or inference, is based on discerning what is probable or what is likely to be true from true premises. Critical reasoning involves applying both inductive and deductive reasoning to arguments.

How does the LNAT test work?

Critical reasoning critical reasoning tests are high-level analytical critical reasoning tests that assess how you think about and process verbal information. These critical reasoning tests are typically used in addition to a verbal reasoning critical reasoning test for graduate and managerial assessment.

As with verbal comprehension critical reasoning tests, a passage of text is presented, followed by a few questions. The passage is likely to be longer and more complex than the other verbal reasoning critical reasoning test formats presented in this book. The type of language used should reflect the job or course that is being applied for. All the information that you need will be presented to you – there is no requirement to learn any facts or material in advance of the critical reasoning test.

Some questions will ask the candidate whether a statement is True or False, as per a verbal comprehension critical reasoning test. However there are many other types of question critical reasoning question, for which a finer level of detailed analysis is required. Candidates are asked to assess the strength of complex written arguments, distinguishing fact from opinion. The inherent logic – or otherwise – of these arguments is critical reasoning tested. The presented evidence and facts need to be analysed and subtle shades of meaning interpreted. Critical reasoning skills also need to be applied to determine what logical conclusions can be made from the text.

LNAT test question types

There are three broad types of critical reasoning question, as seen in the practice critical reasoning tests in Part 2.

Interpretation-type questions:

Which sentence best summarizes the passage?

  • Find the word which could be substituted for another in the passage?
  • Which of the following words is the most suitable replacement?
  • What’s meant by the following term?
  • What fact is included in the passage?

Summary-type questions:

What is the main point the passage is making?

  • Which of the following statements best summarizes the second paragraph?
  • What best summarises what the author is saying in the last paragraph?
  • Do any statements not form part of the passage’s argument?

Assumptions and Deductions:

What can be inferred about X from the passage?

Which of the following can be deduced from the passage

Find the assumption is made in the passage?

Find the statements that lend support to the passage’s argument?

Whose opinion is expressed by the author?

LNAT Test Taking Strategies

Improving the speed with which you can digest complex prose will help your critical reasoning test performance. Read the passage quickly the first time to get a feel for the main points. Then read the passage a second time more carefully, mentally noting the key content of each paragraph. Focus on the core of the argument and its supporting evidence, together with the author’s stance on the issue.

While you need to absorb the critical reasoning test passages as efficiently as possible, that does not mean that you need to rush your answers. Quite the opposite, since there will be many different question formats. It is very important to double check that you are 100% clear on what the question is asking for.

Passing the LNAT Test

To pass a critical reasoning critical reasoning test you need to understand the development of an argument – in particular, what points provide factual support. Reading commentary on political, social and economic debates will certainly improve your understanding.

As you read such material, ask yourself:

– How are individual’s opinions, counteracts and factual evidence expressed.

– Is there one or more argument? One or more conclusion?

– Look out for any assumptions and consider which specific pieces of information are being used to make a conclusion.

– Is each piece of information reliable? Would you draw the same conclusion yourself.

– What additional information would you need to frame a counterargument?

Do not let your own general knowledge lead you astray. It’s vital that you do not let any of your personal opinions or your general knowledge influence your answers even slightly. This recommendation applies even if it seems that the correct answer is in direct contradiction to what you know or believe to be true.

To summarise, these are the skills you need to demonstrate to succeed on a critical reasoning critical reasoning test:

  • Separating facts from inferences and opinions
  • Identifying the implications of a factual statement
  • Making logical deductions from a passage of prose

Practice LNAT test examples

Here is our  LNAT PRACTICE TEST 4 free download

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Practice critical reasoning test sites

CAPP critical reasoning test practice

Critical reasoning test tips

GMAT critical reasoning test

GMAT practice

Practice critical reasoning test

Verbal critical reasoning test practice

WATSON GLASER critical reasoning (similar to LNAT practice test format)

There are sample tests on the major law firms Websites for Hogan Lovells and Linklaters websites.

Watson Glaser Practice Sites

Watson Glaser practice,  examples and strategies. There are tips for critical verbal reasoning Watson Glaser format questions here.

Also, here’s some practice verbal reasoning test sites – most offering general verbal reasoning test practice – as follows: SHL LNAT practice / SHL critical verbal reasoning formats;  Kent university critical verbal reasoning practice; and Guardian verbal reasoning test practice.

LNAT test strategies Part I

A critical reasoning test, like the LNAT, typically asks you to use different types of logical reasoning to “test” the accuracy and the interpretation presented in the passage of a particular topic. Read the passage quickly the first time to get a feel for the main points. Then read the passage a second time more carefully, mentally noting the key content of each paragraph.

There follows some elementary points that are hopefully easy for you to remember. The practice question section will also give you a feel of the type of text that you will need to understand in a critical reasoning test. Such practice, together with your raised awareness of what to expect, can certainly improve your performance in most critical thinking tests. Unfortunately, there isn’t any secret formula for passing this type of verbal reasoning test.

With all psychometric tests it is important to read and fully understand the test instructions before starting the test. With such complex test formats as these it’s worth repeating this advice again. There are many different types of question format when it comes to critical thinking tests and you must know in advance exactly what each type of question is asking for.

LNAT test strategies Part II

Firstly, do not let your own general knowledge lead you stray. It’s vital that you do not let any of your personal opinions or your general knowledge influence your answers even slightly. This recommendation applies even if it seems that the correct answer is in direct contradiction to what you know to be true.

Secondly, expect that each passage contains at least two sides from the “undecided debate” of a contentious issue.

Thirdly, improving the speed with which you can digest complex prose will help your test performance.

Fourthly, focus on the core of the argument and its supporting evidence, together with the author’s stance on the issue.

Fourth, whilst you need to absorb the test passages as efficiently as possible, that does not mean that you need to rush your answers. Quite the opposite since there will be many different question formats. Some questions will be relatively easy. For other more involved questions you will need to allow yourself more time.

LNAT test strategies Part III

Fifth, double check that you are 100% clear on what the question is asking for.

Also, do take care when interpreting the meaning of complex words.

Finally, look out for any words that imply something absolute, such as “always”, “never”, “all”. Do not confuse these with similar words or phrases that are not so definitive (e.g. “almost always, most of the time, invariably” and “often”) and the weak forms (e.g. “sometimes”, “some of the time” etc).

Following on from the above point you need to understand the development of an argument. In particular what points are relevant to a specific argument and what points are irrelevant.

LNAT test strategies Part IV

Familiarise yourself with how journalists write comment and Opinion articles online or in the broadsheet newspapers.

– How are individual’s opinions, counteracts and factual evidence expressed.

– Is there one or more argument? One or more conclusion?

– Is each piece of information reliable? Would you draw the same conclusion yourself.

– What additional information would you need to frame a counterargument?

My Practice Aptitude Test book

Passing Verbal Reasoning Practice Tests including a whole chapter devoted firstly to Critical verbal reasoning test practice and secondly, to critical verbal reasoning test tips.

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