Category Archives: Aptitude test

In this aptitude test Category, you can firstly find all of our most useful and up-to-date aptitude test information.

Secondly, you can find all of the tips and practice on our site.

We hope you find both of these useful.

Rob Williams Assessment Ltd specialise in designing highly predictive psychometric solutions. In particular, situational judgement test design, realistic job preview design, aptitude test design and personality questionnaire design.

We work across a wide range of sectors and job roles. Our tailor-made psychometric offerings are as unique as our clients’ organisations.

Our organisation prides itself on client satisfaction. We have many positive LinkedIn reviews from our big client projects.

Literacy practice. Girl on lawn reading book

Literacy practice tests

We hope that you enjoy all our free Literacy practice Tests and literacy test tips!

Literacy Intro

Literacy test questions and passages reflect the sort of texts that teachers are likely to encounter at school. This is what’s called a highly face valid test.

The forty-five minute test is divided into four sub-tests. It starts with a spelling test, and is followed by three others – punctuation, grammar, and comprehension. These last three sub-tests can be completed in any order on the real test. To complete the test you need to be proficient at using a computer keyboard to type in answers. You will also need to scroll down to read long passages of text, and be able to drag and drop your selected answer into its correct position in the passage.

Literacy Test pass mark

Firstly, there are forty-eight available marks on the literacy test – one per question.

Secondly, depending on which version of the test you take, the pass mark varies. It is lower for a test with slightly harder questions and higher for a test with slightly easier questions.

Thirdly, the pass mark for the benchmarked literacy test is sixty percent – or twenty-nine marks out of the forty-eight available. Your result will be given to you at the end of the day

Finally, practice examples of different types of literacy test are provided below.

Literacy practice. Girl reading book.

Literacy Test Tips

The first type consists of a single sentence containing a word in brackets. Replace this word with the most viable alternative. Of the five multiple-choice alternatives suggested, select the one that comes closest in meaning to the word in italics.

Firstly, LITERACY Practice Test Type 1 Questions.

Verbal reasoning tests may also take the form of analogies, where the respondent’s vocabulary and knowledge of simple verbal relationships are being tested as part of their overall verbal reasoning ability. Some examples of this type of verbal reasoning test practice are given below. Interpret the meaning that connects the word shown in large type on the left-hand side (i.e. spider in the first question) with the word shown in small type on the right-hand side (i.e. web). Apply the same verbal reasoning to connect the second word shown in large print on the left-hand side (i.e. duck) with one of the multiple-choice answer options.

Secondly, LITERACY Practice Test Type 2 Questions.

Verbal tests may also take the form of antonyms. Some examples of this type of verbal reasoning test practice are given below. Select the multiple-choice option that is the opposite in meaning to the word shown in bold print.

Thirdly, LITERACY Practice Test Type 3 Questions.

Verbal tests may also take the form of selecting the odd word out from a group of words. Some examples of this type of verbal reasoning test practice are given below. Identify the common connection between four of the five words and then choose the multiple-choice option corresponding to the odd word out.

Fourthly, LITERACY Practice Test Type 4 Questions.

Practice English test answers

Here are our answers to the above Practice English tests

Analogies Verbal Test answers

Antonyms Verbal Test answers

Literacy answers

Odd One Out answers

Free online psychometric test practice

 Free online numerical reasoning test practicefree online verbal reasoning test practice

Literacy practice. Old books

Literacy Tips

We offer all these free Professional Skills QTS Literacy test practice resources. However, you may feel you would still like to pay for additional literacy test practice. Therefore we partner with How2Become and their high-quality QTS Literacy practice test and QTS Numeracy practice test.

To complete the test you need to be proficient at using a computer keyboard to type in answers. You will also need to scroll down to read long passages of text. Also, be able to drag and drop your selected answer into its correct position in the passage.

You will find the following free online psychometric tests to take:

  • Situational judgement test practice, including SJT report
  • Free online abstract reasoning test
  • Free online personality test, including a personality test report.
  1. BBC Learning
  2. Department for Education and Department for Education (writing assessment)
  3. Internet
  4. 4 Classrooms – MS Word Keyboard Shortcuts

Spelling Tips

These literacy test questions typically present you with a sentence. This sentence contains a missing word. Insert the correct missing word from the four options. Although the practice questions that follow have a written format, they are at the same difficulty level as the audio test.

Punctuation Tips

Accurate punctuation is a key element of written communication.

Punctuation test questions typically present a block of all the possible punctuation marks and the letters of the alphabet on-screen. You will drag the correct punctuation from this block to its position in the passage.

Grammar Tips

The use of good grammar is an essential component of effective written and spoken communication

Grammar test questions typically ask you to select the correct phrase or sentence to insert into a short passage. You may be given a choice of several choices, only one of which is grammatically correct. In the practice questions below, identify which sentence is grammatically correct.

Literacy Test Practice. Girl reading book

Comprehension Tips

These literacy test questions typically measure your ability to fully comprehend passages of text.

  • Presenting the same information in a different way
  • Identifying the key points
  • Inferences
  • Deductions

Comprehension Question Types

There are several different questions types that you might encounter in the comprehension test.  Go with your instinct. Think about the reading level and tone. Does it sound like school policy to you? Does it read as though it is information for teachers? Is the piece’s reading level accessible to pupils?

Another question format asks you to suggest summary headings. Analyse the main point(s) of the paragraph objectively. It can be helpful, particularly if you are short of time, to focus on the first and last sentences in a paragraph. This is where you are likely to find the topic sentence. In a well-written paragraph, the topic sentence summarises the paragraph’s main point.

For each passage, you need to consider both the overall meaning and detail. To assess the bigger picture, ask yourself questions such as: What is the main message? Who is the intended audience? When reflecting on the passage’s detail ask yourself: What are the facts? What’s the most important information in a passage?

Comprehension Tips

– Firstly, summarising the main points that the passage makes.

– Secondly, placing statements based on the passage into set categories.

– Thirdly, putting sentences about a passage describing sequential events into the correct order.

– Thirdly, putting sentences about a passage describing sequential events into the correct order.

My Practice aptitude test books 

Firstly, Passing Verbal Reasoning Tests book.

Secondly, Passing Numerical reasoning Tests book.

Literacy practice tests

Our Literacy Practice Tests Book Recommendations

An excellent guide to performing well in verbal reasoning tests.

This book is extremely well written. It’s a helpful guide for anyone needing guidance. There are plenty of examples of the different levels of tests. I would definitely recommend this book to anyone taking verbal reasoning tests.

5.0 out of 5 stars. Highly recommended.

Just what I needed to further my career. Now I’ve tried the tests I feel more confident.

5.0 out of 5 stars. A must have for verbal reasoning test preparation.

This book is great. The author is involved with writing these kinds of tests so the examples. The explanations are excellent. Its helped me to see where I’ve been going wrong. The book has lots of examples which are relevant to the RAF aptitude test which I am studying.

4.0 out of 5 stars. I definitely recommend to those who are preparing for these tests.

Found the layout of the book easy to follow. It has made the tests more accessible to me. It will hopefully help me in my job search.

Our book on Passing Verbal Reasoning Tests book

Literacy practice tests

Types of Literacy Test

Literacy Test Type I

I want the promotion so ________ but they have told me I _________ first stop being late.

  • Much; Am going to
  • Many ; Really must
  • Much; Have got to
  • Many; Have to

Literacy Test Type II

Which two words can be swopped over to create a proper sentence.

The only way to maintain a low economy is to ensure that unemployment is strong and productivity is high.

Literacy Test Type III

Select one word from inside each set of brackets to create a new word.

(cool prior tame) (breath ant pea)

Literacy Test Type IV

Which word fits in both sets of brackets?

(Verdict, Decison) (Write, Grammar)

Punctuate Sentence Destroy Annihilate

Psychometric Test Designs

Additional assessment practice

Our psychometric test designs

Strengths Design  ~ Realistic Job Preview Design ~ Personality Test Design ~ Situational Judgment Test Design ~ Psychometric Test Design.

Numeracy Practice. Dice

Numeracy practice tests

Firstly, this page focuses on free numeracy practice tests and numeracy tips.

Secondly, here’s our literacy tips page, which includes our free practice literacy test.

Numeracy Tips

This is our numeracy practice test. And these are our numeracy practice test answers.

Numeracy practise. Answering questions

Our numeracy test practice

This is our Numerical Reasoning Practice Test for your free practice. And here are the respective numerical reasoning online practice test answers.

This is our Mental Arithmetic Practice Test for your practice. And here are the respective Mental Arithmetric practice test answers.

There are many different psychometric tests like the aptitude test, personality test, verbal reasoning, inductive reasoning, logical reasoning, attention to detail, leadership test and many more. Well, numerical reasoning assessment is one of them. This is where all the graphs, long numbers and equations play an important role. Since this is based on mathematics, the main objective of numerical reasoning assessment is to check the ability of the candidates to work with numerical information.

The numerical reasoning assessment is often a written test having a given time limit and its structure can be unconventional. The candidates taking this test often find it to be tricky or challenging when they compare it with their school or college level numerical tests.

Numerical test for employees

The employers who use these numerical reasoning assessments mainly evaluates how much snug you’re with numbers, basic mathematical functions and analyzing information underneath a substantial time pressure. It is no surprise, that corporation and organizations who take a look at their candidates with numerical reasoning tests typically place confidence in giant numbers and information.

Level of numerical reasoning

These tests are challenging for college students who have a mathematical background, therefore it is no surprise this could be a real problem for students who spent much of their time at the university reading or writing, instead of really tackling with huge numbers and solving various formulas.

Answering the numerical tests

Numerical Tests also come in the form of multiple choice questions. The answers, in contrast to with verbal reasoning tests, are going to be definite. That doesn’t mean it will be easier and this becomes the point of pressure and it is also the reason why the candidates find them so challenging.

Usually, candidates are provided with a variety of questions in accordance with the rule of one question = one minute.

Certain numerical tests have a repeated pattern and this gives you an idea on how to prepare for it. The common topics that you can prepare for include fractions, ratio and proportion, profit and loss, estimations, percentages, data analysis and graphical interpretation. So, ensure that you practice these portions thoroughly and make yourself comfortable with the different types of questions in these areas.

Numeracy practice test tips

There are always some tips that you can utilize while preparing for your numerical reasoning assessment which are as follows. These tips will easily help you to get through the numerical reasoning assessment easily.

  • Whether you would like to sharpen your number skills or learn everything from the beginning, taking some of the mock tests can help you to improve more. It would not turn you into an excellent mathematician in just one day; however, it will certainly improve your performance to a great extent. It will also prevent you from having too many sleepless nights before the assessment day by rising your accuracy, speed and confidence as well. And you may honestly want a good night’s sleep.
  • Don’t spend too much time on one question. Get a rough calculation of what proportion of time you have got per question before you begin every check and try maintaining those timings. If it feels that it is getting tough, keep going anyway, keeping in mind the fact that the best and easiest questions are yet to come.

More Numeracy Tips

  • While you are practising for the test, try doing it in the same way in which you’ll be sitting your real numerical reasoning assessment. Take your seat in a quiet surrounding with as less distraction as possible at a table. This will increase your focus and also make silence less intimidating and let you practice more thoroughly.
  • The numerical reasoning assessment will definitely not kill you but try to figure out the areas that you are getting wrong most of the time and practice those areas thoroughly. Focusing on those problems will help you to improve your overall test.
  • Thus, following these tips can be really helpful during the day of your numerical reasoning assessment. Do not stress. So, the type of job position you are applying for doesn’t matter, as it can be an investment bank, consultancy firm or the position of a manager, it is compulsory for you to take the numerical reasoning test.

Numerical Reasoning practice test book

Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests gif
Secondly, Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests book by Rob Williams

The Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests book contains Army practice numeracy tests. Also, Navy practice numeracy tests.

Numeracy Practice Tests Book Recommendations

Very clear layout to follow. Questions advance over the chapters. It sets a steady pace.

A very user-friendly and easy to read guide. Really focuses your mind on brushing up on your Maths skills. The author explains clearly how you can prepare to give your best for a test. Very useful and highly recommended.

Another really useful book by Rob. I will be recommending this to my delegates. It is clear, concise and, if you are applying for jobs with a strong numerical focus. The best £10 you will spend! I heartily recommend.

Great book and pretty hard numerical exercises.

Brilliant Passing Verbal Reasoning Tests.

5.0 out of 5 stars.

A MUST BUY for anyone attempting to pass any verbal reasoning test.

I highly recommend.

Very useful and good practice.

The book has a good range of tests. These reflect what comes up in real tests. So good practice for the real thing.

– – Numeracy practice tests – – –

Literacy Practice Tests Book Recommendations

An excellent guide to performing well in verbal reasoning tests.

It’s a helpful guide for anyone needing guidance. There are plenty of examples of the different levels of tests. I would definitely recommend this book to anyone taking verbal reasoning tests.

5.0 out of 5 stars. Highly recommended.

Just what I needed to further my career. Now I’ve tried the tests I feel more confident.

5.0 out of 5 stars. A must have for verbal reasoning test preparation.

This book is great. The explanations are excellent. Its helped me to see where I’ve been going wrong. The book has lots of examples which are relevant to the RAF aptitude test which I am studying for.

4.0 out of 5 stars. I definitely recommend to those who are preparing for these tests.

Found the layout of the book easy to follow. It has made the tests more accessible to me. It will hopefully help me in my job search.

Aptitude Test Design Projects

Rob Williams has over twenty years experience of bespoke psychometric test design, especially aptitude test designs. Plus ten years prior to this spent working for several of the UK’s leading test publishers. These include: IBM, OPP, SHL and HireVue.

Our consultancy work focuses on graduate assessment designs and aptitude test designs. 

Bespoke graduate assessment designs

Infact it is bespoke aptitude designs which are our speciality. Otherwise known as company-specific tests. With a bespoke psychometric test, organisations can design the content of their test(s) to match their own industry sector.

Understanding graduate assessments gives those applicants a competitive edge in today’s job market.

At a time when the graduate market is at its most competitive it pays for all graduates to perform their best on these psychometric tests. It makes sense to be prepared. Fortunately, there is a wide variety of practice material available, allowing graduates to familiarize themselves with the sort of tests they’ll encounter as part of the recruitment process.

Graduate assessment design

Graduate recruiters who want to minimise recruitment costs see online ability tests as an efficient and effective means of sifting the initial applicant pool. Verbal and numerical reasoning tests offer a reliable and standardised way to ensure that an optimal number of good candidates are seen by the business at the much more expensive ‘face-to-face’ stage. Chances are that this next stage will involve a retest in order to verify that the candidate who took the online test was who they said they were!

Online testing is particularly attractive for the ease with which multinational organisations can offer the same test(s) in a wide range of different languages to graduates around the world. The use of standardised tests in the recruitment process helps to ensure that applicants from different countries and from different ethnic groups are treated fairly.

We believe in the benefits of practice and ensuring fairness in testing. We therefore offer some practice aptitude tests and some practice psychometric tests. The intention is to promote as ‘level a playing-field’ as possible.

Bespoke aptitude test design

Our Personality test designs

Our situational judgement test designs

Aptitude test solutions

Our consultancy work focuses on aptitude test practice and bespoke psychometric test design. We believe in the benefits of practice and ensuring fairness in testing. We therefore offer some practice aptitude tests and some practice psychometric tests. The intention is to promote as ‘level a playing-field’ as possible.

Aptitude test design – Employability

All of our psychometric test practice resources are free. So, we hope you enjoy using them!   In our opinion, there is plenty of the right type of aptitude test practice, aptitude test tips and test-taking strategies.

We certainly hope you get maximum value from our free psychometric test practice resources!  Psychometric test practice works best when it’s specific to the test type and the level of difficulty of the psychometric test you will be taking.

Graduate Assessment designs for aptitude

Our first point is that a well-designed selection procedure focuses on predicting a graduate’s competency within a particular work context.

Secondly, that psychometric assessments only form one part of the selection procedure.

Our third point is that personality assessments can give an indication of how well an individual applicant will fit into the existing workplace or team.

Finally, psychometric assessments can assess which applicants are most suited to the demands of the vacant job in terms of both ability and personality factors.

Assessment Design / Psychometric Test Design

Aptitude test design example

Firstly, it’s fundamental to the use of any psychometric test is that users are aware of a test’s effectiveness and its known limitations.  This information is calculable through knowledge of a measure’s reliability and validity. 

Secondly, importance is attached to test results and decisions are made using test data.  Thirdly, you must be sure that the tests you are using have sound credentials and have been properly developed.

‘Bespoke’ Verbal Reasoning Test Design

Specific design criteria were applied.  Sufficient administration time was made available for a test taker to exhibit the appropriate reasoning ability. 

Other design criteria related to the target population groups. For example, this form of verbal reasoning test does not require the candidate to have any technical knowledge of grammar. Or to be able to spot minor errors in the spelling of unfamiliar words.

Practical examples are proved at the start of each test. Thus, test takers can familiarise themselves with the test format.

APTITUDE TEST DESIGN RATIONALE

Many jobs involve working with verbal information and verbal comprehension forms a core component of almost all senior managerial roles.  The ‘Bespoke’ Verbal Reasoning Test measures the verbal reasoning skills that are fundamental to effective communication in such roles. 

In many organisations, verbal reasoning skills are key to the effective dissemination of business information across the workforce.

‘Bespoke’ Verbal Reasoning Test assesses how well an individual’s verbal reasoning skills can operate at a high-level.  In our opinion, primarily understanding written communication. Although, ‘Bespoke’ Verbal Reasoning Test also encompasses the ability to understand complex discussions.

Verbal reasoning is central to many roles. Thus the ‘Bespoke’ Verbal Reasoning Test is appropriate for a very wide range of senior job roles and tasks.

APTITUDE TEST FORMAT

Many graduate and senior managerial roles require quickly extracting relevant information from written documents. And to make a judgement based on this information.  Thus ‘Bespoke’ Verbal Reasoning Test measures the ability to read. And to interpret a detailed block of text under strictly timed conditions.

The verbal information in the test appears in the form of passages of text. Each is followed by a series of 4 multiple-choice questions.  Each question requires relevant pieces of information to be extracted from the passage.And a specific judgement to be made on the basis of that information. 

TEST DESIGN

After reading a passage the test taker has to read a series of statements referring back to information contained within the passage.  The test taker has to identify whether the statement is true. Or false. Or whether it is not possible to tell. Then to decide which is the appropriate multiple-choice answer to fill in. 

Each answer must be based solely on the information presented in the passage – ignoring any background knowledge that the test taker may possess.  The questions must also be answered without any interference from the test taker’s own beliefs about the subject matter. 

This reflects work conditions where there is a need to make objective decisions based solely on the information available at that moment in time.

Number of Items:          48

Test Time:         25 minutes

Time needed for Administration (including Test Time):     35 minutes

EXAMPLE APTITUDE ITEM

For each statement, fill in either T, F or CS on the answer sheet.

These corresponds to your decision as to whether the statement is True. False. Or whether it is not possible to tell.

T: True                    

F: False                   

CS: Cannot Say      

Three key psychometric pillars

These are often taken for granted – due to the fine efforts of HireVue’s and MindX’s R&D teams’ conscientious work!

  1. Standardization
  2. Reliability – means if I take the same test next week, my results will be similar.
  3. Validity – means the test measures what it says it measures. MindX knows which personality traits are measured because we have compared our results to well-established personality tests. HireVue validates its video assessments using high performer data and job analysis results.
  4. Being Non-discriminatory

 1. Standardization  

Since the first IQ tests were developed the whole point is to compare with a group of previous test-takers.

2. Reliability

There are two key types of psychometric reliability:

  • Test-Retest Reliability
  • Internal reliability.

Test-Retest Reliability

This concerns score consistency over time. If the test is measuring some stable characteristic of the individual such as intelligence, then the test should produce similar results if a group of candidates are examined using the same test at two points in time. The time gap between the measurement is important, as some psychological characteristics change considerably over time. Yet, a short gap of two weeks should not cause major changes.

Still, an external event in the period between the two assessment might cause a change, but here it is expected that the change will affect similarly all the candidates. This type of reliability is also known as test re-test reliability. It is assessed by correlating the tests scores measured first time with the test scores measured the second time. Ability tests are expected to have a reliability of at least r = .75, yet personality tests might have somewhat lower reliability.

Internal Consistency

The internal consistency refers to the question whether all the test items measure the same concept. It can be assessed in two ways. The first method is known as the split-half reliability which require correlating the score based on half of the test items with the score based on the other half (e.g., scores on odd and even items). Alternative method is item-total reliability which requires correlating each item score with the total score of the rest of the items. There is a statistical measure called Cronbach alpha that summarises all the correlations into one figure. A test should have an alpha of at least a = .80.

Aptitude test’s psychometric terms

Norm-Referenced

Every psychometric test has at least one norm group.

The standalone score has little meaning, so a comparison with previous candidate performance is used. For example, percentile rank.

Pre-test (or Pilot) Item

A trial item as part of a larger-than-necessary set of pre-test items. The  final, refined test is created by refining those items that work best. This is based on statistical analysis of the trial item set’s results.

Aptitude Test Reliability

Firstly, is the test a reliable measure?

Most commonly the internal consistency index coefficient alpha or its dichotomous formulation, KR-20. Under most conditions, these range from 0.0 to 1.0, with 1.0 being perfectly reliable measurement. A reliable test may still not be a valid test.

Aptitude Test Validity 

Secondly, is the test valid? A measure of what it ‘says on the tin’?

In our opinion, both the initial content validation and later criterion validation analysis are vital for any bespoke psychometric test.

We recommend collecting additional recruitment data over time so that additional validation studies can be conducted. Such as assessment centre data.

There are many other types of psychometric test validation evidence, and one-off studies investigating a psychometric test’s criterion validity are common.

British Airways Aptitude Test Design Example

Blended assessment project:

  • Situational judgment test design;
  • Numerical reasoning test design;
  • Verbal reasoning test design
  • Personality questionnaire design.

For these two British Airways roles:

– Cabin crew assessment; and

– Customer service representative assessment.

British Army Aptitude Test Design Example

Psychometric lead role with Kenexa IBM; managing twenty associates.

  • We developed over twenty psychometric tests;
  • Situational judgement tests for Officers and for Soldiers;
  • Realistic job previews for Officers and for soldiers;
  • Ability tests (including problem-solving test) for Officers;
  • Ability tests (including a spatial reasoning test) for soldiers;
  • Officer personality questionnaire;
  • Soldier career guidance tools.

Aptitude Tests’ Vital Role

Many companies today are turning to testing and assessment tools to help them address these challenges and make more substantive and data-driven hiring decisions. Assessments are a great way to level the playing field and evaluate many candidates for the same skill sets in an objective fashion, using real-life technical scenarios that mirror the work they will be performing on the job. Automated assessment tools in particular can scale to make better use of your time and resources. Several key recruitment benefits are listed below.

Differentiation Benefits

Providing unbiased assessments is a great way to distinguish yourself to candidates in a crowded hiring environment. Candidates will see that you really care about hiring the most qualified tech workers in a manner that is unbiased and uncovers their true value.

Recruitment Cost and Recruitment Funnel Benefits

Automated testing helps you scale your recruiting efforts, evaluating many candidates simultaneously to save engineering hours, and ultimately the cost of those used hours, time and costs, which is particularly important for larger tech organizations.

Hiring, training and replacing a bad hire can cost almost 5x their annual salary. Making the right choice the first time around is vital to growing your business and keeping costs low.

Removing bias

Assessment tools give you a structured mechanism to remove bias from the evaluation and interview process. It’s completely objective, surfacing skill sets needed to succeed on the job without basing a decision on your intuition or gut feel. And it mitigates the disadvantage a candidate whose first language is not English may have in a traditional format.

Focusing on skills, not experience

Experience listed in a profile isn’t necessarily the most important indicator of true skills and expertise.

Assessments help you find candidates that may not have a lot of experience in a certain field. Bbut nonetheless have the skills you’re looking for.

Consistent process benefits

Assessment tools help you standardize your ongoing evaluation process. You’ll get an objective look at how candidates perform in the testing phase and can then compare it to their success on the job. A post-mortem can reveal how a good (or bad) hire performed in the assessment and help you to duplicate (or avoid) that performance in the future.

Our Practice assessment books 

Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests gif

Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests book reviews

Buy this book to pass!

Brilliant book. Read it from cover to cover. Don’t skip the chapters. I know it can seem patronising, the way he breaks it down, but I’d recommend reading it through.

Brilliantly practical and informative

What a great practical book. It starts from what is a numerical reasoning test, covers why numerical reasoning tests are used, who/how we use numerical reasoning, tips for test day and even helps you brush up on your Maths skills – yes all those little shortcuts you wish you remembered. More than 3/4 of the book is dedicated to actual practice test and not only the answers are provided, but also an easy to follow explanation of each. Definitely a worthwhile buy.

Very clear layout to follow, questions advance over the …

Very clear layout to follow, questions advance over the chapters and it sets a steady pace. This book helped me immensely to get all the practice I needed within 3 days.

A really useful book 

Numerical Reasoning reviews

Another really useful book by Rob. I will be recommending this to my delegates on interviewing/assessment techniques training; clear, concise and, if you are applying for jobs with a strong numerical focus, the best £10 you will spend! I heartily recommend.

Five Stars

Great book and pretty hard numerical exercises.

Useful, informative and good value

A very user-friendly and easy to read guide. Really focuses your mind on brushing up on your Maths skills. The author explains clearly how you can prepare to give your best for a test. Very useful and highly recommended.

Five Stars

Great book, tons of info and test to help you understand.

Great to get some practical help on how to succeed … at this stage of selection. I will recommend to anyone who needs to get through a numerical reasoning test.

Passing Verbal Reasoning Tests book reviews

Brilliantly practical advice

The advice and practical examples will answer all your questions about an impending assessment. The book is easy to read and covers preparation, practical examples and an overview of the usual proceedings on test day.

The author also highlights questions to be asked before test day and (I was very pleased to see) encourages feedback after assessment. The recaps at the end of every chapter are great for a quick overview before test day. Definitely a worthwhile investment and sure to put you at ease before an assessment of this kind.

A MUST BUY for anyone attempting to pass any verbal reasoning test.

Verbal Reasoning reviews

An informative yet easy to read book which helped me get through graduate level tests to the next stages of application. Would highly recommend.

Excellent sample tests and explanations

Passed the VRT for HMRC Legal Trainee Scheme this year after reading this book. Helpful.

Very useful and good practice

The book has a good range of tests that reflect what comes up in real tests – so pretty good practice for the real thing

Highly recommended

Just what I needed to further my career. Now I’ve tried the tests I feel more confident.

Good quality and light reading!

An excellent guide to performing well in verbal reasoning tests.

This book is an extremely well written and helpful guide for anyone needing guidance in how to perform well in verbal reasoning tests. There are plenty of examples of the different levels of tests. Clear explanations of the correct responses are given. I would definitely recommend this book to anyone who is facing taking verbal reasoning tests in pursuit of a new job or promotion.

Rob Williams Assessment – psychometric design specialists

Rob Williams Assessment Ltd have considerable experience in assessing test reliability test validity. This is a one of the key final stages in any psychometric test design. Most recently we have been asked to validate situational judgement tests. In addition to test the SJT reliability and to advise on suitable cut-off scores which minimise any adverse impact (due to gender, age, ethnic group and disability).

Many of the UK’s and US’s leading test publishers have used Rob Williams Assessment’s to assist with ensuring the psychometric properties of their trial psychometric tests. We consult on how to improve any test’s psychometric properties, particularly the test’s internal reliability and construct validity.

Even more practice tests

For more Ten-minute practice tests, have a look at our Ten Minute Quizzes

For more practice, register at Passed Papers to take a free verbal reasoning test. Practising this online test will help you to become familiar with taking online verbal reasoning tests.

Our 11 plus test practice

Our 1st 11 Plus practice test bundle contains the following:

English 11 plus test practice.

11 plus verbal reasoning test practice.

Maths 11 Plus test practice.

11 Plus non- verbal reasoning test practice.

Our 2nd 11 Plus practice test bundle contains the following

Extra 11 plus English test practice.

Additional 11 plus verbal reasoning test practice.

More 11 Plus Maths test practice.

Extra 11 Plus non- verbal reasoning test practice.

Additional assessment practice

11 Plus Maths Tips

Firstly, the main focus of this page is 11 Plus Maths tips, followed by psychometric tips.

Free online 11 Plus practice

 Free online numerical reasoning test practicefree online verbal reasoning test practice.

11 plus maths topics are taken from the Maths Key Stage 2 Curriculum. These are:

  • Number and Place Value.
  • Basic maths operators (Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division).
  • Ratio and proportion.
  • Geometry.
  • Fractions, percentages, decimals.
  • Measures.

There can be wide variations in the standard of the 11+ exam, independent schools routinely differ from grammar school tests. It is always important to check the syllabus and make sure your child is learning the correct material.

Continue reading 11 Plus Maths Tips

7-Step 11 Plus Practice Guide

You can find the relevant 11 plus past papers by clicking on the link below. There are also school entrance 11 plus past papers available, including all the premier London-based private schools.

11 Plus exam practice. Entry to large school grounds

11+ Past Papers at School Entrance Tests

1) Ask yourself, is now the best time to start your 11+ Prep for 2019?

2) If so, here are some useful Grammar School application tips. You need to consider 11 Plus Exam By UK Region.

– If you are considering those grammar schools in Outer London then we have a useful London Grammar school list.

– Otherwise, England’s other grammar schools are accessed from this regional grammar school list.

3) Are the grammar schools of interest CEM 11+ exam Grammar schools. If so focus on School Entrance Tests’ 11 plus practice tests of CEM 11 Plus type.

4) Otherwise, it’s likely you are considering Grammars using GL Assessment. Thus you should focus on School Entrance Tests’ 11 plus practice tests of GL 11 Plus type.

Our 7-Step 11 plus guide is designed for busy parents!

5) So, select the most relevant 11 plus exams from our comprehensive list of 11 Plus Past Exam Papers.

6) Schedule regular practice with these 11 plus practice papersour free online 11 plus papers and free 11 plus papers with answers

7) Here’s School Entrance Tests’s own tips for passing the 11 plus and further 11 plus tests:

Continue reading 7-Step 11 Plus Practice Guide

SHL Practice Tests

We believe that working through verbal reasoning SHL practice tests will help you to achieve your peak SHL psychometric test performance.

SHL Psychometric Test Practice 

There are many other SHL practice test options suggested here, in addition to verbal reasoning SHL practice tests.

  1. SJT One practice
  2. Situational Judgement Test Two practice
  3. Inductive Reasoning Test practice
  4.  Deductive Reasoning Test practice
  5. Verbal Reasoning Test practice
  6. Numerical Reasoning Test practice
  7. Situational Judgement Test One practice
  8. Inductive Reasoning Test practice
  9. Deductive Reasoning Test practice

Free online numerical reasoning SHL practice test

 Free online numerical reasoning test practice

More free online verbal reasoning SHL practice test

Free online verbal reasoning test practice

SHL Practice Test Bundle 1

Access to the SHL Practice Test Bundle 1 for a single attempt at the following practice tests: Numerical Reasoning Practice Test One || Verbal Reasoning Practice Test One

SHL Practice Test Bundle 2

Access to the SHL Practice Test Bundle 2 for a single attempt at the following practice tests: SHL Numerical Reasoning Practice Test Two || SHL Verbal Reasoning Practice Test Two

How to do well on SHL aptitude tests 

An SHL test consists of verbal reasoning, numerical reasoning, inductive reasoning, and mechanical reasoning. It is highly used in organizations to test an individual’s ability in a competency that has been identified as necessary in a job role.

It can also be used in learning institutions to determine whether the competency level of an individual is in conjunction with the institution requirements. A person’s ability to communicate effectively is determined together with their creativity and innovative skills in their field of study.

The test is, therefore, significant in assessing the critical skills for a job or an institution success. Employers thus prefer SHL tests as they can easily evaluate the workability of the employees.

A person’s ability to read a test comprehensively is also determined, and their ability to make a calculation and their personalities are identified to see if they fit in the areas they want to study or work. In conclusion, aptitude tests are crucial in various sectors as they make it easier to assess candidates’ skills, knowledge, ability, and personality and thus ensuring only the best individuals are selected.

Intro to SHL Personality Testing 

In our opinion, most medium to large-sized organisations recruiting graduates now use SHL psychometric tests. Therefore you must understand what an SHL psychometric tests looks like, how SHL psychometric tests work, and how they can achieve their best possible performance by practicing using SHL practice tests.

Thus, SHL’s OPQ is one of the most popular personality tests used by UK employers for selection. This has been true for many years, although Saville Consulting’s WAVE has increasing popularity. The Myers Briggs personality test has been the most popular personality test for developmental purposes for the last 20-30 years.

SHL Personality Test Tips

  • Firstly, employers are looking for certain personality traits in any role – as indicators of high job performance in key areas. The OPQ has 32 personality traits grouped into categories such as Sociability, Influence and Thinking Style. For example, the Influence grouping of personality traits includes the personality traits of being Persuasive, Outspoken, Independent-Minded.
  • Check for a “faking scale” which for the OPQ personality test is called the Social Desirability scale. This measures how socially desirable your responses are. An example question with socially desirable responses, such as never lying, that everyone lies.
  • Thirdly, read each personality test question carefully and don’t lose your concentration before you reach the end of the personality test.
  • Check whether you will be doing either the ipsative or normative version. There are three main types of personality test: ipsative (forced-choice); normative; or nipsative (a mixture of normative and ipsative personality test format).
  • There are no time limits when completing such a personality questionnaire.
  • Finally, since this is a personality test, there are no right and wrong answers.

Other Pre-Hire Assessments Practice

SHL aptitude tests practice

Pre-employment tests are used by many companies as a standard part of the recruitment process. If you’re currently applying for jobs, you’re likely to face psychometric testing. Both personality assessment and some of the most commonly used aptitude tests. These measure numerical, verbal and logical reasoning.

How you perform matters. Nearly 90 percent of companies said they would reject candidates if the test showed them to be deficient in basic skills, according to a survey by the American Management Association.

Pre-employment tests

Companies use pre-employment tests to identify which candidates are most likely to perform well on the job, potentially saving time and cost in the recruitment process and decreasing employee turnover. Skills tests are used to verify whether a candidate has the skills they say they have, and are proficient enough to do the job. Aptitude tests are more general and are used to evaluate an applicant’s ability to learn new skills and indicate how they may react to different situations once hired. 
 
Employers may ask you to take a test – often delivered online at home – after you’ve made an initial application or may invite you to an assessment centre after a successful interview. 

SHL aptitude tests practice

How to do well on SHL numerical reasoning tests

  • The general advice given for SHL numerical reasoning tests is typically that some focussed test practice will improve your score. Unfortunately, there aren’t any quick wins for being good at Maths.
  • Give your “first response”. Don’t second guess what is being looked for since “faking” and lying are easily picked up.
  • As a timed test you need to average around one minute per question. Work briskly but accurately.
  • Each question counts the same so pick off the easy ones first and don’t waste your test time on the most difficult questions.
  • Practise some of the most common numerical test types at the main test publisher websites. For this reason alone, we strongly advise practising sample questions from Kenexa-IBM, TalentQ and SHL sites.
  • Ensure that you are comfortable using data tables, interpreting graphs and manipulating large financial figures.

SHL aptitude tests practice

How to do well on SHL verbal reasoning tests

SHL verbal reasoning tests come in many different types of format. The traditional comprehension format is to have a short text passage followed by a series of questions about facts, opinions, conclusions from the passage content. A bit like those English tests in primary school where you answered questions on a novel extract. Regardless of the type of test, it’s vital to remember:

  • To carefully read each question. Often questions hinge on 1-2 key words so you must take more care to interpret these accurately.
  • If questioned whether something “always” applies whilst the passage states that it is “sometimes” the case, then this is a false interpretation.
  • One useful strategy is to scan the passage initially, then to read it in more detail.
  • It’s more efficient as you answer each question if you can recall roughly where to find the answer in the passage. 

SHL aptitude tests practice

How to do well on SHL abstract reasoning tests

SHL abstract reasoning tests ask you to look for the changing pattern(s) in the “pictures”. The easier questions typically at the start of the test, will involve one change in colour, position, size etc of the figures shown.

Questions become more difficult as you must spot two or three changes in any of the features shown. Once you know one of the feature changes, check each answer option to discount any in conflict with it.

You can find more detailed advice in our non verbal reasoning test article for City Kids online magazine.

Familiarity with the test format help. Leading test publishers Kenexa-IBM and TalentQ have excellent sample questions for you to practise any of these test types. Alongside SHL’s practise test pages these three sites cover most of the psychometric tests you are likely to find. You can ask in advance which test publisher’s test you will take.

LNAT Practice

Welcome to our LNAT Practice page. We hope you find out LNAT test practice resources useful!

The principles described above also apply to higher level critical verbal reasoning tests. The additional level of difficulty is due to the use of more complex passages. Additionally, there are likely to be additional ambiguities that you need to think through logically.

The LNAT is our focus here. There are many different question formats contained within the LNAT test. It is designed to test some of your intellectual abilities rather than how much you know about particular subjects. So there are no facts to learn and no lessons to revise in preparation for the test.

LNAT Preparation

You can exercise the relevant parts of your brain very well by reading a quality newspaper every day, and thinking about the issues that are raised. What assumptions are being made? What information is being relied on to draw which conclusion? How difficult would it be to reach the opposite conclusion from the same information?

We recommend that you read a quality general daily newspaper (in English) every day, or as often as you can, and think about the issues that are raised. What assumptions are being made? What information is being relied on to draw which conclusions? How would you frame a counterargument?Reading a quality daily newspaper will also help you to be aware of the world around you.

LNAT Essay topics

The LNAT essay topics will not be specifically about current affairs, and you will not be judged by what facts you know. But knowing how the world ticks, in general terms, will help you to write intelligently about a host of different topics.On the right we have listed some newspapers worth considering. You can read the online versions (usually freely available, although registration may be required). If you do read the online versions, remember to read the comment pieces as well as the news. (One question you might ask yourself: What exactly is the difference between news and comment? Is the contrast really apparent in practice?)

The other thing you can usefully do is practise. This has two objectives: the first is to familiarise yourself with the format of the LNAT and its questions; the second is to familiarise yourself with the kind of thinking that the LNAT requires. We offer our own practice test to help you, and our own commentary on the answers. You can also try freely-available questions from other sources that are similar to LNAT questions.

What does the LNAT test? 

The purpose of a critical verbal reasoning test is to assess reasoning abilities when applied to a complex passage of text. You also need to analyse the different points within the passage. How would you evaluate each of these points? What logical conclusions can you draw from the information that you have read? As you can see this goes beyond the understanding of the text that has formed the basis for other verbal reasoning tests discussed so far. The type of language and vocabulary used in a verbal reasoning test should be equivalent to the job or course that is being applied for.

Find out more 

The official LNAT preparation Website can be found at;

http://www.lnat.ac.uk/2008/preparation/index.html

This is the best place to find details of any changes in the process. It is also worthwhile to see how the test looks onscreen;

http://www.lnat.ac.uk/2008/sitting/onscreen.html

Critical Thinking skills

These are a learned skill. With the right training most individuals who have an average or above ability to learn, can develop reasonable critical thinking skills. Critical thinking skills include: the ability to define a problem clearly, the ability to formulate and select relevant hypotheses and to judge the validity of inferences. A good grasp of these skills enables a person to ‘think on his feet’, to assess evidence and arguments and to communicate clearly. The skill of thinking critically is known to play an important part in most executive and technical positions.

Need more practice?

     The official LNAT preparation Website has tips on practice:

http://www.lnat.ac.uk/2008/preparation/hints.html;

anda practice test to try at;

http://www.lnat.ac.uk/2008/preparation/practice.html.

There is also the site for the slightly different LSAT test for admission to Law Schhols in the United States. Their official Website also has practice questions, see;

http://www.lsac.org/LSAT/lsat-prep-materials.asp

The Open University Website has free, online courses for writing. See:

How to Find a Specialized LNAT Tutor Online

Hiring expert tutor to aid preparations for the LNAT test can significantly contribute to good scores. Several tutors usually advertise on online platforms to reach potential students. However, some individuals posing as tutors are not experts in LNAT and may mislead candidates. Therefore, applicants should know methods of identifying specialized tutors. It is essential to conduct background checks on a tutor before seeking his or her services.

A potential tutor should have adequate experience in LNAT tests. Exceptional understanding of LNAT tests enables a tutor to give students helpful knowledge. Such individuals should be result oriented as students seek their services to obtain good grades. Referral by comrades can connect an individual with a specialized tutor, Therefore, a candidate may inquire from other students receiving similar tutoring services and learn about their experience.

Law School admissions depend on LNAT test scores

Many highly qualified candidates apply for admission to various law programs in law schools. Therefore, LNAT tests provide suitable solution to this problem as it ensures that law schools choose individuals for various programs depending on abilities displayed by their LNAT scores.

Pearson VUE usually provides the LNAT scores to universities on 20th October. Admission tutors of each university then use these scores as part of candidates’ application, Along with other admission criteria, universities use the LNAT test marks to select suitable students (LNAT, n.d). Therefore, universities can utilize LNAT in the best way that satisfies their admission requirements or policies. Notably, LNAT is not a replacement to A levels but used together with other criteria including formal qualifications, performance at interview, the information provided on the UCAS, and personal statement.

LNAT Practice Tips

We hope you enjoy our free LNAT practice tips. Critical reasoning tests, such as the LNAT, ask you to identify assumptions, inferences and the points made within “overall” arguments. The LNAT is not designed to assess any knowledge of laws or any legal ability. You need to answer 42 questions. You will be expected to interpret shades of meaning. Also, the “grey” areas within the arguments outlined in 12 passages.

The LNAT is used as part of the selection process for taking a Masters law degree. In a similar fashion to how American Law Schools use the LSAT and the GMAT. Both also contain critical thinking tests. There’s also useful advice on the official LNAT practice site.

Practice LNAT test 1.

Here is our LNAT PRACTICE TEST 1 free download.

Practice LNAT test 1 answers.

REVIEW YOUR LNAT PRACTICE  TEST 1 ANSWERS 

Practice LNAT test 2.

Here is our LNAT PRACTICE TEST 2free download.

Practice LNAT test 2 answers.

REVIEW YOUR LNAT PRACTICE test 2 ANSWERS.

Practice LNAT test 3.

Here is our LNAT PRACTICE TEST 3 free download.

Practice LNAT test 3 answers.

REVIEW YOUR LNAT PRACTICE test 3 ANSWERS.

LNAT practice official site

LNAT Test Introduction

Critical reasoning is quite literally applying a critic’s eye (i.e. critical analysis) to verbal information. It encompasses the logical analysis of the following features of complex written arguments and viewpoints: assumptions; inferences; opinions; facts and interpretations.

The term “critical reasoning” might sound a bit intimidating, but it is a skill you can learn. With the right practice, most individuals can develop their skills sufficiently to pass this type of verbal reasoning critical reasoning test.

Critical reasoning practice

Everyone uses these skills sometimes, but some job roles specifically require a high level of verbal critical reasoning. For example, many senior managerial and executive positions require you to assess evidence effectively and to communicate your position clearly.

Lawyers, in particular, need excellent critical reasoning skills. In fact, this is such an important prerequisite that a specific verbal critical reasoning critical reasoning test – the LNAT – is used for entry to the legal profession.

Barristers, for example, use critical reasoning to:

  • Remain objective and not to be prejudiced by their own opinions.
  • Analyze large amounts of verbal information to build a case for their client.
  • Identify the different ways legal doctrine can be interpreted.
  • Present their evidence in court and state their conclusion based on it.

A judge (or jury) will in turn use their critical reasoning skills to balance all the evidence for and against the accused and reach a verdict.

Journalists also need to have a high level of critical reasoning skills. When commenting on a current affairs debate, a journalist will typically present all sides of the argument. After careful thought, and backed up by evidence, they then commit their own analysis to the page.

Deduction v Inference

It’s not just the person writing a newspaper article who needs to use critical reasoning skills – the person reading the article needs to apply their own critical reasoning skills too. Discerning readers will assess whether the journalist is making an argument is based on facts or is putting forth a subjective opinion influenced by the newspaper’s bias towards a particular political party or against a certain group of people. An astute reader always asks: Does the writer’s overall conclusion follow on from the evidence and facts presented?

This question is an example of logical deduction or deductive reasoning – the linking of one or more statements, or premises, to make a logically sound conclusion. If the argument’s premises are true, then it is logically impossible for the conclusion reached to be false.

On the other hand, inductive reasoning or inference, is based on discerning what is probable or what is likely to be true from true premises. Critical reasoning involves applying both inductive and deductive reasoning to arguments.

LNAT test question types

There are three broad types of critical reasoning question, as seen in the practice critical reasoning tests in Part 2.

Interpretation-type questions:

Which sentence best summarizes the passage?

  • Find the word which could be substituted for another in the passage?
  • Which of the following words is the most suitable replacement?
  • What’s meant by the following term?
  • What fact is included in the passage?

Summary-type questions:

What is the main point the passage is making?

  • Which of the following statements best summarizes the second paragraph?
  • What best summarises what the author is saying in the last paragraph?
  • Do any statements not form part of the passage’s argument?

Assumptions and Deductions:

What can be inferred about X from the passage?

Which of the following can be deduced from the passage?

Find the assumption is made in the passage?

Which statements lend support to the passage’s argument?

Whose opinion is expressed by the author?

LNAT Test Taking Strategies

Improving the speed with which you can digest complex prose will help your critical reasoning test performance. Read the passage quickly the first time to get a feel for the main points. Then read the passage a second time more carefully, mentally noting the key content of each paragraph. Focus on the core of the argument and its supporting evidence, together with the author’s stance on the issue.

While you need to absorb the critical reasoning test passages as efficiently as possible, that does not mean that you need to rush your answers. Quite the opposite, since there will be many different question formats. It is very important to double check that you are 100% clear on what the question is asking for.

Passing the LNAT Test

To pass a critical reasoning critical reasoning test you need to understand the development of an argument – in particular, what points provide factual support. Reading commentary on political, social and economic debates will certainly improve your understanding.

As you read such material, ask yourself:

– How are individual’s opinions, counteracts and factual evidence expressed.

– Is there one or more argument? One or more conclusion?

– Look out for any assumptions and consider which specific pieces of information are being used to make a conclusion.

– Is each piece of information reliable? Would you draw the same conclusion yourself.

– What additional information would you need to frame a counterargument?

Do not let your own general knowledge lead you astray. It’s vital that you do not let any of your personal opinions or your general knowledge influence your answers even slightly. This recommendation applies even if it seems that the correct answer is in direct contradiction to what you know or believe to be true.

To summarise, these are the skills you need to demonstrate to succeed on a critical reasoning critical reasoning test:

  • Separating facts from inferences and opinions
  • Identifying the implications of a factual statement
  • Making logical deductions from a passage of prose

Practice LNAT test examples

Here is our  LNAT PRACTICE TEST 4 free download.

REVIEW YOUR LNAT PRACTICE TEST 4 ANSWERS

Watson Glaser Critical Reasoning Test Practice

We have tips for critical verbal reasoning Watson Glaser format questions.

Also, here’s some practice verbal reasoning test sites – most offering general verbal reasoning test practice – as follows: Guardian verbal reasoning test practice.

LNAT test strategies Part I

A critical reasoning test, like the LNAT, typically asks you to use different types of logical reasoning to “test” the accuracy and the interpretation presented in the passage of a particular topic. Read the passage quickly the first time to get a feel for the main points. Then read the passage a second time more carefully, mentally noting the key content of each paragraph.

There follows some elementary points that are hopefully easy for you to remember. The practice question section will also give you a feel of the type of text that you will need to understand in a critical reasoning test. Such practice, together with your raised awareness of what to expect, can certainly improve your performance in most critical thinking tests. Unfortunately, there isn’t any secret formula for passing this type of verbal reasoning test.

With all psychometric tests it is important to read and fully understand the test instructions before starting the test. With such complex test formats as these it’s worth repeating this advice again. There are many different types of question format when it comes to critical thinking tests and you must know in advance exactly what each type of question is asking for.

Part II

Firstly, do not let your own general knowledge lead you stray. It’s vital that you do not let any of your personal opinions or your general knowledge influence your answers even slightly. This recommendation applies even if it seems that the correct answer is in direct contradiction to what you know to be true.

Secondly, expect that each passage contains at least two sides from the “undecided debate” of a contentious issue.

Thirdly, improving the speed with which you can digest complex prose will help your test performance.

Fourthly, focus on the core of the argument and its supporting evidence, together with the author’s stance on the issue.

Fourth, whilst you need to absorb the test passages as efficiently as possible, that does not mean that you need to rush your answers. Quite the opposite since there will be many different question formats. Some questions will be relatively easy. For other more involved questions you will need to allow yourself more time.

Watson-Glaser practice

Fifth, double check that you are 100% clear on what the question is asking for.

Also, do take care when interpreting the meaning of complex words.

Finally, look out for any words that imply something absolute, such as “always”, “never”, “all”. Do not confuse these with similar words or phrases that are not so definitive (e.g. “almost always, most of the time, invariably” and “often”) and the weak forms (e.g. “sometimes”, “some of the time” etc).

Following on from the above point you need to understand the development of an argument. In particular what points are relevant to a specific argument and what points are irrelevant.

Critical reasoning test strategies

Familiarise yourself with how journalists write comment and Opinion articles online or in the broadsheet newspapers.

– How are individual’s opinions, counteracts and factual evidence expressed.

– Is there one or more argument? One or more conclusion?

– Is each piece of information reliable? Would you draw the same conclusion yourself?

– What additional information would you need to frame a counterargument?

Top Tips for LNAT Practice

Read through each passage. Make a mental note of those statements that are facts. Plus, those “weaker” statements which only express an opinion.

Any verbal reasoning test requires careful reading of both the passage and each question. Critical verbal reasoning tests require even more careful reading!

Look out for key words in the questions and ensure that you pick up on any questions that are phrased negatively. For example, the critical reasoning item, All of the following are assumptions made by the author, except for which one?

Sometimes a question will highlight particular words in bold text. Here you need to ensure that this emphasis is recognized by your answer.

In many job roles that require verbal reasoning skills one of the specific abilities required is that of critical reasoning.

LNAT critical reasoning questions

Aptitude test practice books

Firstly, in our opinion this is the best aptitude test practice book for Passing Verbal Reasoning Tests.

Secondly, in our opinion this is the best aptitude test practice book for Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests.

Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests gif

Critical Reasoning Tips Toolkit

Extra Psychometric Test Practice

Other Practice Tests

How to pass Psychometric Tests  ~  Our Army Practice  ~  RAF Psychometric Test  ~  Our RAF Aptitude Test  ~  Our Navy Aptitude Test  ~  Free practice situational judgement test  ~  Our EPSO Test Practice .

Numerical reasoning and verbal tests

Free online test practice

 Free online numerical reasoning test practicefree online verbal reasoning test practice

Passing numerical reasoning tests

There aren’t any quick wins for being good at maths but some focussed practice will improve your score, as will following a few test-taking strategies.

As a timed assessment, you need to average around one minute per question. Work briskly but accurately. Each question counts the same so pick off the easy ones first and don’t waste your test time on the most difficult questions.

Numerical reasoning test practice is an excellent means of brushing-up on any maths functions you haven’t used in a while. Ensure that you are comfortable using data tables, interpreting graphs and manipulating large financial figures.

You can practise the most common numerical test types at the main test publisher websites. Practise sample questions from Kenexa-IBM, TalentQ and SHL as these sites cover most of the tests you are likely to find.

Passing verbal reasoning tests 

Verbal reasoning assessments come in many different types of format.

The traditional comprehension format is to have a short passage followed by a series of questions – asking about facts, opinions, and conclusions – based on its content, a bit like those English tests in primary school where you answered questions on a novel extract.

Regardless of the type of test, it’s vital to carefully read each question. Often questions hinge on one or two key words, so you must take more care to interpret these accurately. If questioned whether something “always” applies whilst the passage states that it is “sometimes” the case, then this is a false interpretation.

Scan the passage initially and then read it in more detail. It’s easier to answer each question if you can recall roughly where to find the answer in the text.

Passing abstract reasoning tests

These ask you to look for the changing pattern(s) in the “pictures”.

The easier questions typically appear at the start of the assessment and will involve one change in colour, position, size etc .of the figures shown.

Questions become more difficult as you progress and must spot two or three changes in any of the features shown. Once you’ve worked out at least one of the feature changes, check through the answer options to discount those that do not conform.

Passing personality tests

When it comes to answering psychometric surveys that evaluate personality, the best advice is to give your “first response”.

Visualise how you would behave at work on a typical good day. Don’t second guess what is being looked for since “faking” and lying are easily picked up.

Practice, practice, practice psychometric tests

Like anything, practice makes perfect. And don’t be afraid to ask the employer which publisher’s tests they use – most will be happy to tell you.

Being familiar with the format, as well as the kinds of questions asked, will give you a clear advantage. On the day, keep calm and remember that most assessments are timed, so answer the questions as swiftly as you can.

Being familiar with the format, as well as the kinds of questions asked, will give you a clear advantage. On the day, keep calm and remember that most assessments are timed, so answer the questions as swiftly as you can.

Popular Personality Surveys

You might also enjoy the following:

Firstly, How stressed is your child?

Secondly, How effective is your decision-making style?

Thirdly, How are your Basic Tutoring Skills?

Also, IntelligenceTypes.

And, How Effective Are Your Time Management Skills?

Plus, Do your Tutoring Skills Need a Tune-Up?

Finally, How well-developed are your English writing skills.