The basic underlying procedure in personnel selection is the matching between job characteristics and an individual employee characteristic. The job characteristics and employee characteristics are the two main components in any model of personnel selection.
Jobs vary regarding the nature, number, and weight of functions they involve. For example, consider the main functions of two jobs. Perhaps a university lecturers and an accountant.
Thus, each job has its own profile of functions. The first component in a model of personnel selection is that of job functions.
Variance is also introduced because each lecturer’s job depends on the department they work in – or even their university.
The profile of functions might vary in the weight or importance given to each function. For example, additional functions of a university lecturer. These might be unique to certain universities or departments. For example, contribution to policies within their department and or organisation, and assessment of applicants for the course.
Identifying specific job functions, involves beaking down the job into its smallest behavioural and cognitive tasks. Plus, sometimes emotional tasks.
Each job description is a theoretical construct, an abstract idea that can never be measured. Together, they constitute an ideal profile of the functions of the job.
10 personality tips to help your Study Skills
- Find time to study – If you manage your time badly, inevitably you will be less productive than if you manage it well. This can lead to increased stress and anxiety levels, especially around exam time.
- Keep to a routine – Work in the same place at the same time each day. Also, make sure you have everything you need before you start.
- Work to your strengths – Schedule challenging tasks for when you are most alert, and routine ones for when you may be feeling more tired.
- Don’t waste time – Rather than reading irrelevant material, skim and scan to help you decide if you need to read something critically and in-depth.
- Avoid distractions – Related to above. Switch emails and social media off to prevent your mind wandering while trying to learn new information!
- Regularly review your notes – Edit out what you don’t need. Ask yourself the question: “Is this information is relevant to my assignment, and how does it relate to what I already know.”
- Vary how you to take notes – For example, use Mind Maps and diagrams to generate ideas and linear notes to focus your ideas for essay or report plans.
- Be critical – Make sure that you always add your own comment to every concept or quotation that you write down. Maintain a critical and analytical approach at all times!
- Plan your work – If writing an assignment produce a detailed plan before you start to write it. This will make the drafting process much less stressful
- Understand different styles – By understanding different writing styles – such as academic, journal and journalistic styles – you can put what you read into perspective. In particular, you can become more aware of any particular bias.