Personality Assesment Research

Our focus on this page is personality assessment research.

Personality Assessment Research

Previous projects that have encompassed personality assessment designs:

  • Fit based personality profiles for a call centre
  • CV-based sifting design (finance and business consultancy sectors)
  • Online competency based sift questionnaires

In 2015 and 2018, Rob Williams Assessment Ltd developed two bespoke personality test designs. These were for the graduate recruiters Talent Window and Hire Window. A positive client recommendation for this project can be found on on Linked-In.

Firstly, my client Talent Window required a rational model of the personality traits typically sought by graduate employers.

Recent personality test innovations

The Bloomberg Financial Test assesses applications for a multitude of financial roles. It is a measure of “financial aptitude” – not a personality test.

The NEO PI-R personality test established a link between Big 5 personality traits and those personality traits found in successful financial traders. Three key personality domains mentioned in this personality test research: Extroversion, Neuroticism and Openness to Experience.

Personality research – Assessment designs

Personality tests vary considerably in length, from short Big Five measures (around 10 minutes) to in-depth measures with 16-32 scales (taking 35-50 minutes). Personality testing is less commonly used at the school-leaver level – compared to the graduate and managerial levels.

Personality is untimed but takes from 5-6 minutes for a Disc-like instrument to 25 mins for a 16PF.

Personality research 2019

Bornstein, R. F. (2003). Behaviorally referenced experimentation
and symptom validation: A paradigm for 21st-century
personality disorder research. Journal of Personality Disorders,
17, 1–18.

Clark, S. L., Muthn, B., Kaprio, J., D’Onofrio, B. M., Viken,
R., & Rose, R. J. (2013). Models and strategies for factor
mixture analysis: An example concerning the structure
underlying psychological disorders.

– – – Personality Assessment Research – – –

Fontana, A., & Rosenbeck, R. (2004). Comparing traditional
and Rasch analyses of the Mississippi PTSD Scale: Revealing
limitations of reverse-scored items.

De Fruyt, F., & Salgado, J. F. (2003). Applied personality
psychology: Lessons learned from the IWO field. European
Journal of Personality, 17(S1), S123–S131.

Dilchert, S., Ones, D. S., & Krueger, R. F. (2014). Maladaptive
personality constructs, measures, and work behaviors.

Guenole, N., Levine, S. J., & Chamorro-Premuzic,
T. (in press). The NEO-PI-R: Factor structure and gender
invariance from exploratory structural equation modeling
analyses in a high-stakes setting.

Ashton, M. C., Cloninger, C. R., & Gough, H. G. (2006).
The international personality item pool and the future of
public-domain personality measures. Journal of Research in
Personality, 40, 84–96.

Personality research Part III

Gore, W. L., & Widiger, T. A. (2013). The DSM-5 dimensional
trait model and five-factor models of general personality.
Guenole, N. (2014). Maladaptive personality at work: Exploring
the darkness. Industrial and Organizational Psychology.

Cockerill, T., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., & Smillie,
L. D. (2011). Evidence for the validity of dimensions in the
presence of rater source factors.

Hogan, R., & Hogan, J. (2001). Assessing leadership. A view
from the dark side.

Judge, T. A., & LePine, J. A. (2007). The bright and dark sides
of personality: Implications for personnel selection in
individual and team contexts.

Personality assessment research Part IV

Kolenikov, S., & Bollen, K. A. (2012). Testing negative error
variances is a Heywood case a symptom of mispecification?

Krueger, R. F. (1999). The structure of common mental

Skodol, A. V. (2012). Initial construction of a maladaptive
personality trait model and inventory for DSM-5.

Lykken, D. T. (1968). Statistical significance in psychological
research. Psychological Bulletin, 70, 151–159.

McDonald, R. P. (1999). Test theory: A unified treatment.

Muthn, L. K., & Muthn, B. (2006). Mplus: User’s guide.

O’Boyle, E. H., Forsyth, D. R., Banks, G. C., & McDaniel,
M. A. (2012). A meta-analysis of the Dark Triad and work
behavior: A social exchange perspective.

– – – Personality Assessment Research – – –

Paulhus, D. L., & Williams, K. (2002). The Dark Triad of
personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy.

Morey, L. C., Verheul, R., Krueger, R. F., & Siever, L. J.
(2011). Proposed changes in personality and personality
disorder assessment and diagnosis for DSM-5 Part II:
Clinical application. Personality Disorders: Theory,
Research, and Treatment, 2, 23–40.

Steiger, J. H. (1990). Structural model evaluation and modification:
An interval estimation approach. Multivariate
Behavioral Research, 25, 214–12.

– – – Personality Assessment Research – – –

Wille, B., De Fruyt, F., & De Clercq, B. (2014). Fifty shades of
personality: Integrating Five-Factor Model Bright and Dark
sides of personality at work. Industrial & Organizational
Psychology, 7, 121–126.

Woods, M. (2006). Careless responding to reverse-worded items:
Implications for confirmatory factor analysis. Journal of
Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 28, 186–191.

Wright, A. G., Thomas, K. M., Hopwood, C. J., Markon, K. E.,
Pincus, A. L., & Krueger, R. F. (2012). The hierarchical
structure of DSM-5 pathological.

Social Desirability Personality Research 2019

Anguiano-Carrasco, C., MacCann, C., Geiger, M., Seybert, J.
M., & Roberts, R. D. (2014). Development of a forcedchoice
measure of typical-performance emotional intelligence.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 33, 83-97.
Bartram, D. (2007). Increasing validity with forced-choice
criterion measurement formats. International Journal of
Selection and Assessment, 15, 263-272. doi:10.1111/j.1468-
Funder, D. C. (1995). On the accuracy of personality judgment: A
realistic approach. Psychological Review, 102, 652-670.
Personality, 81, 155-170.
Colvin, C. R., Block, J., & Funder, D. C. (1995). Overly positive
self-evaluations and personality: Negative implications for
mental health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
Funder, D. C. (1995). On the accuracy of personality judgment: A
realistic approach. Psychological Review, 102, 652-670.
Jin, K. Y., & Wang, W. C. (2014). Generalized IRT models for
extreme response style. Educational and Psychological
Joubert, T., Inceoglu, I., Bartram, D., Dowdeswell, K., & Lin, Y.
(2015). A comparison of the psychometric properties of the
forced choice and Likert scale versions of a personality instrument.
International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 23,
Khorramdel, L., & von Davier, M. (2014). Measuring response
styles across the Big Five: A multiscale extension of an
approach using multinomial processing trees. Multivariate
Behavioral Research, 49, 161-177. doi:10.1080/00273171.
Messick, S. J. (1967). The psychology of acquiescence: An interpretation
of research evidence. In I. A. Berg (Ed.), Response
set in personality assessment (pp. 115-145). Chicago, IL:
Paulhus, D. L. (2002). Socially desirable responding: The evolution
of a construct. In H. I. Braun, D. N. Jackson, & D. E.

Useful Personality Test Links

Verbal Reasoning practice test book

Firstly, Passing Verbal Reasoning Tests book by Rob Williams

Numerical Reasoning practice test book

Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests gif
Secondly, Passing Numerical Reasoning Tests book by Rob Williams

– – – Personality Assessment Research – – –